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Planning your search

A guide to the steps involved in planning an effective search for information.

Sources of socio-economic data

What is Refinitiv Workspace & how do I use it?

How do I get further help with Refinitiv Workspace?

  • As well as further training videos available from Refinitiv, certification will help to broaden your knowledge of the tools used by many financial markets professionals. The OnDemand training - available for 1 week - allows you to learn at your own pace before taking a final multiple-choice test.
  • Live webinars are offered on a wide range of topics and apps. 
  • For advanced enquiries, get in touch with your subject liaison librarian/site library as they will be able to ask questions of the Refinitiv customer support team on your behalf. 

How do I find ESG (Environmental, Social and Governance) data?

How do I cite data?

Data are legitimate, citeable products of research, just as other research outputs, so you must cite data.

  • A Digital Object Identifier (DOI) is often included in data citations. This ensures that even if the location of the data changes, the DOI will always link to the data that were used. DCC guidance has further information on citing physical data (see below).
  • Each dataset used must have a separate citation.
  • If your department, discipline or publisher recommends a specific reference style, follow the appropriate form for citing data. For example:

The Harvard citation style uses the following format:

Author names. Date (in round brackets). Title of data (in single quotation marks). Available at: URL (or doi if available). (Accessed: date) (not required when doi used).

e.g. Institute for Social and Economic Research. (2020). ‘Understanding Society: Waves 1-10, 2009-2019 and Harmonised BHPS: Waves 1-18, 1991-2009'. Available at: 10.5255/UKDA-SN-6614-14.

See the Harvard referencing guide for further guidance.

The Vancouver citation style uses the following format:

Author names. Title of resource [medium type]. Host institution name: Physical location; Year of publication. [Date accessed]. Available from: Identifier

e.g. Institute for Social and Economic Research.  Understanding Society: Waves 1-10, 2009-2019 and Harmonised BHPS: Waves 1-18, 1991-2009 [data file]. University of Essex: Colchester, Essex; 2020. [cited 29 May 2021]. Available from:

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