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Data and Statistics

This guide brings together resource lists of secondary data sources, support material and further guidance.

Finding data

Data analyst

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Primary data are generated by researchers within a research design of their making. Secondary data are data made available to others to reuse and analyse which are generated by others. One person’s primary data can be another person’s secondary data. In seeking such data for your work, a number of approaches can be adopted.

Conceptual focus

What are your goals? Clearly define your geographical area, time period and the coverage required. Try thinking about the ways in which potential data might be gathered. For instance, by a government department, nongovernmental or intergovernmental organisation, private business or industry group, or academic researchers.

Databases and repositories

If your data need falls within the finding data themes covered by this guide, browse resource lists and interrogate thoroughly what databases and selected websites have to offer. Help pages, promotional material and even helpdesks are often available.

If your data theme is not covered, consult subject guides and the A-Z list of databases. Our team of subject liaison and site librarians always welcome enquiries and may be able to offer specialised advice.  

Along with the Google Dataset Search, search the Data Citation Index - a point of access to search and assess quality research data from international data repositories across disciplines. 

Our Research Data Management pages include selected data repositories (along with sections on data management, metadata and ethics) for each of the UCL faculties. 

Please note due to the very high costs involved, we’re not always able to rapidly acquire new databases, but we do review subscriptions and would like to hear from UCL departments about their priorities in order to support teaching and research.      

Publication search

Find material which adopt a similar empirical approach or cite a specific dataset. Such content might be readily available (try the options above) or the researchers involved may be willing to assist directly. Use Explore, as part of your literature review, to search for research studies based on secondary analysis of available datasets. Material on your topic may cite relevant data providers, or volumes with statistical tables may identify sources of data.

Library Services also provides access to a wide range of bibliographic databases for finding journal articles and a range of other material. Along with subject guides, your site or subject liaison librarian will be able to advise you of relevant databases.

UCL’s research community

To find and re-use data deposited by UCL researchers, you can perform basic and advanced searches in the UCL Research Data Repository. To search across all of Figshare, enter search terms and filter on the left based on content type, date range, licence, item type, source and category. Once filter parameters have been selected, click ‘Apply filters’ to apply.

Meanwhile, IRIS, the research portal for UCL, can help you to identify the research activities of researchers, research groups, research centres and interdisciplinary networks across the whole of the institution. You can search for researchers, publications, activities, groups, themes and departments.