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Referencing and avoiding plagiarism for Education

Referencing and avoiding plagiarism tutorial

This tutorial explains what plagiarism is, how to avoid it, and why and how you should acknowledge your sources.

Guide to references. citations and avoiding plagiarism Person leaning on desk with a pile of desks covering their head

This guide will help you understand why you need to reference. It also has a guide on how to use Harvard or APA style referencing for a variety of different resources you might use for your academic work,  including conference proceedings, research reports, publications from organisations and more.

Reference management software

Reference management software packages can help you:

  • Create a personal database of references relevant to you, along with associated files.
  • Insert references into a Word document and format them automatically in a citation style of your choice.
  • De-duplicate references retrieved from multiple sources.
  • Share references with others.

There is a range of different software available; UCL Library Services provides support and guidance for Endnote, Zotero and Mendeley. These are all available to download for free or under UCL licences.

Referencing Official Publications - Harvard

This is an example of how the Harvard referencing style is used for referencing government or official publications in print. For information on how to reference other types of resources including online official publications, visit the Harvard referencing guide.

To be made up of:

  • Name of government department or committee.
  • Year of publication (in round brackets).
  • Title (in italics).
  • Place of publication: publisher.
  • Series or paper number (in brackets) - if applicable.

In-text citation:

(Great Britain. Department for Business, Innovation and Skills, 2011).  

Reference list:

Great Britain. Department of Education Science. (1991). History in the national curriculum (England). London: HMSO. (DES circular no. 4/91)

Referencing Official Publications - APA

This is an example of how the APA referencing style is used for referencing government or official publications. For information on how to reference other types of resources, visit the APA referencing guide.

To be made up of:

  • Country.
  • Government department.
  • Named author(s) - if applicable.
  • Jurisdiction (if appropriate).
  • Year of publication.
  • Title.
  • Retrieved from.
In-text citation:

In 2006, the government commissioned a report on the teaching of early reading. This report states that ... (Rose and Department for Education and Skills, 2006).

Reference list:

Rose, J. and Department for Education and Skills. (2006). Independent review of teaching of early reading, Retrieved from https://dera.ioe.ac.uk/5551/2/report.pdf