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Harvard

This guide introduces the Harvard referencing style and includes examples of citations.

Personal communication

To be made up of:

  • Sender/speaker/author.
  • Year of communication (in round brackets).
  • Medium of communication.
  • Receiver of communication.
  • Day/month of communication.

In-text citation 

(Smith, 2019)

Reference list:

Smith, D. (2019). Conversation with Steven Jones, 13 August.

Smith, D. (2019). Letter to Steven Jones, 23 January.

Smith, D. (2019). Email to Steven Jones, 14 August.

Smith, D. (2019). Telephone conversation with Steven Jones,  8 May.

Smith, D. (2019). Zoom conversation with Steven Jones, 7 June.

Smith, D. (2019). Text message to Steven Jones, 30 May.