Skip to Main Content

Library Services




This guide introduces the Harvard referencing style and includes examples of citations.

Journal article

This guidance can be used for articles from both print and online journals. 

To be made up of:

  • Author (surname followed by initials).
  • Year of publication (in round brackets).
  • Title of article (in single quotation marks).
  • Title of journal (in italics - capitalise first letter of each word in title, except for linking words such as and, of, the, for).
  • Issue information, that is, volume (unbracketed) and, where applicable, part number, month, or season (all in round brackets).
  • Page reference.
  • DOI (if available).

In-text citation:

(Skelton, 2011)

Reference list:

Skelton, A. (2011). ‘Value conflicts in higher education teaching’, Teaching in Higher Education, 17(3), pp.257-268. doi: 10.1080/13562517.2011.611875.

Pre-publication Journal Article

If you are referencing an article that has not yet been published, follow the same format as for a standard journal article, and add:

  • To be published in (if stated).
  • [Preprint] (in square brackets).
  • Available at: URL.
  • (Accessed: date).

In-text citation:

 (Jones, Kree and Rigby, 2014).

Reference list:

Jones, J., Kree, J. and Rigby, P. (2014). ‘Aerobic capacity’. To be published in Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research [Preprint]. Available at: (Accessed: 23 June 2015).