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This guide introduces the Harvard referencing style and includes examples of citations.

Example reference list

Bloggs, J. (2013). 'The key issue'. [Cartoon]. The Times, 20 January, p.56.

British Standards Institution (2008). BS 8498:2008: British Standards for screw threads and screw gauges : introduction and guidance. London: British Standards Institution. Available at: (Accessed: 26 March 2021). 

Bureau van Dijk (2013). ‘BSkyB plc company report’. Available at: (Accessed: 8 January 2013).

Custer, C. M. (2018). 'Annual Variation Birds as indicators of contaminants in the Great Lakes'.

Dali, S. (1958) Madonna. [Oil on canvas]. Tate Gallery, London.

Fry, S. (2004). The Hippopotamus. Available from: (Downloaded: 19 March 2019).

Gray, A. (2009). How to reference scientific papers. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p.87. Graph.

Guy, J. (2001). The view across the river: Harriette Colenso and the Zulu struggle against imperialism. Charlottesville, Virginia: University Press of Virginia.

Keefe, S. P. (ed.) (2009). The Cambridge history of eighteenth-century music. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.  

Lewis, S. (2015). ‘Rainbow support for York pride’, The Press, York, 18 June, p.6.

Lifeson, A. (1981). Select bibliography of Canadian bibliographies. Toronto: University of Toronto, School of Librarianship.

McElroy, S. and McElroy, J. (2021) 'The Great Smog', Sawbones: A marital tour of misguided medicine. [Podcast]. Available from: Apple Podcasts. (Accessed: 17 March 2021).

My Bloody Valentine. (1991). Loveless. [CD]. London: Creation Records.

Odita, O. D. (2020). 'Oral History Project: Odili Donald Odita'. Interviewed by Ugochukwu-Smooth C. Nzewi. Bomb Magazine. 20th November. Available at: (Accessed: 20 March 2021).

Pre-Raphaelites: Victorian Avant-Garde (2012). [Exhibition]. Tate Modern, London. 12 September 2012-13 January 2013.

Skelton, A. (2011). ‘Value conflicts in higher education teaching’, Teaching in Higher Education, 17(3), pp.257-268. doi: 10.1080/13562517.2011.611875.

Stevens, N. (2011). ‘Circular motion’, Physics Monthly, (November), pp.8-15.

The University of Birmingham (2010). The University of Birmingham experience. [Online video]. Available from: (Accessed: 18 June 2015).

Thompson, J. (2009). My house. [Installation]. Tate Modern, London. (Viewed: 4 January 2009).

UCL Special Collections (2020) 7 May. Available at (Accessed: 14 April 2021).